Bulgarian World Heritage: Boyana Church

Boyana Church in Bulgaria is a piece of the UNESCO World Heritage list.

The Eastern church that consists of three buildings is based in the Bulgarian capital- Sofia and dates from early 10th century.


Photo: © Vincent Ko Hon Chiu

In the beginning of 13th century it was expanded by Sebastocrator Kaloyan who ordered the construction the second building.

The ensemble was finalised in the early 19th century when the third part of the church was built.

The frescoes on the walls of the second building are known to be painted in 1259 and UNESCO considers them as a part of the most significant medieval paintings.


Photo: © Vincent Ko Hon Chiu

“This site is one of the most complete and perfectly preserved monuments of east European medieval art and is of outstanding universal value”, is stated on the website of UNESCO.

The paintings decode the Byzantine rules and have a spiritual value.

The architecture of the Boyana Church is typical for the Greek cross ground plan.

In the beginning of 20th century a park was created to surround the church into separate it from the city’s traffic and modern developments.

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Photos: © Vincent Ko Hon Chiu

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